Hip fracture prevention
According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, hip fractures are caused by a variety of factors that weaken bone and are often caused by the impact from a fall. The common characteristics in persons who are vulnerable to hip fractures are:
- Age - the rate increases for people 65 and older.
- Gender - women have two to three times as many hip fractures as men.
- Heredity - a family history of fractures in later life, particularly in Caucasians and Asians.
- A small-boned, slender body.
- Nutrition - a low calcium dietary intake or reduced ability to absorb calcium.
- Personal habits - smoking or excessive alcohol use.
- Physical impairments - physical frailty, arthritis, unsteady balance and poor eyesight.
- Mental impairments - senility, dementia, e.g., Alzheimer's disease.
- Weakness or dizziness from side effects of medication.
Preventing osteoporosis helps prevent hip fractures
Building strong bones, especially before the age of 30, can be the best defense against developing osteoporosis, and a healthy lifestyle can be critically important for keeping bones strong. By keeping your bones strong, you can help prevent painful hip fractures.
The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends five steps for bone health:
- Get your daily recommended amounts of calcium and vitamin D
- Engage in regular weight-bearing exercise
- Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol
- Talk with your healthcare provider about bone health
- When appropriate, have a bone density test and take medication